Atacama Desert in Chile is known to be one of the driest desert in the world. Though this driest desert when faces a climatic phenomenon turns itself into a flowering and blossoming desert. Yes, you read that right, Atacama Desert in Chile blossoms and produce a wide range of flowers between the months of September and November in years. This unusual phenomenon takes place due to heavy rainfall between the months of September and November.
The usual rate of rainfall in the desert is less than 12mm (0.47 in) in a year. But during the months of September and November this desert receive unusual rainfall which result in germinating and flowering the seeds and bulbs that have been in their latent or dormant form. The flowering is also accompanied by multiplication of insects, birds and small species of lizards. The view is heavenly and unusual and can be viewed from the south of the city of Vallenar to north of Capiapo city and throughout the Chilean Coastal range and valleys from September to November.
This kind of climatic change is related to EI Nino Phenomenon, an event which causes an exceptional warm temperature in ocean which occasionally develops off the Western Coast of South America, and causes an unusual increase in evaporation and hence, precipitation. This heavy rain fall caused by EI Nino phenomenon led this driest desert to flower in September. Due to the exceptional blossoming of Atacama Desert this has got its nick name as “Desierto Florido” (which is literally translated as flowering desert in Spanish) from locals.
The flowering desert has become quite popular among the tourist who came to perceive this unusual phenomenon from around the world. This view can be perceived from various points around the southern Atacama such as, Vallenar, Husaco, Capiapo, La Serena and Caldera. More than 200 variety of flowers germinate through different times in Desierto Florido. Though excessive rainfall through the desert may cause limit flowering but above average rainfall is considered to be the best for good flowering. The last super bloom occurred in year 2015 and the next flowering may take several years. Though the land of Atacama is meagrely populated but thousands of tourists flock here during the super bloom season. The desert is located 1000 km long Plateau in norther Chile that shares borders with Peru, Bolivia and Argentina.