India is a land of diverse culture and traditions. It is one of the world’s oldest civilizations, which is the combination of different languages, religions, food, literature, architecture, arts and festivals. The warmth of relations and charm of festivals keeps the people of the country united in the pious thread of love. The vibrant culture of this country attracts tourist from all over the globe. As Indians follow the practice of Atithi Devo Bhava, so people who visit this country from different parts of the world are treated with the utmost love and respect. Here is an overview of the varied culture of India.
In India, people of different religions live in peace and harmony. Some of the major religions of India are Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, Jainism, and Buddhism. Hinduism is the principal religion in India, which comprises of the 80 percent of the total population. People of Hindu religion believe in the principles of the Vedas and worship the icons of various Gods. Islam is the second most prevalent religion in India that contributes to 14% of the total population. The population percentage of rest of the religions in the country is as follows- 2.3% of Christians, 1.7% of Sikhs, 1.7% of Buddhists and 0.7% of Jains.
India is home to several languages, and Hindi is the most widely spoken language. English, Punjabi, Marathi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, and Gujarati are some of the languages spoken in different parts of the country. Sanskrit is the ancient language of India used in the rituals and ceremonies of Hindu religion in the form of prayers and mantras. Apart from that, there are several dialects in various parts of India.
India is the land of several religions that enjoys a wide variety of cultural festivals. Diwali and Holi are the most prominent festivals of Hindus celebrated with great pomp and show. Diwali is the festival of lights that symbolize the victory of light over darkness and Holi is the festival of colors that signify the triumph of good over evil. Eid-Ul-Fitr is the major festival of Islam celebrated at the end of the holy month of fasting of Ramadan. Dusshera, Durga Puja, Ganesh Chaturthi, Gurpurab, Onam, Pongal, and Christmas are some of the famous festivals celebrated in various parts of India.
India is well-known for its traditional food, unique cooking style and use of herbs and spices. In various regions of the country, people enjoy different types of cuisines. Rice, Wheat, and pulses are the staple food of India consumed in a large quantity. There are many multi-cuisine restaurants and food joints in the country where one can enjoy several types of dishes and desserts. Bengali, Punjabi, Mughlai, Kashmiri, Rajasthani and South Indian cuisines are the most relished ones in India.
Taj Mahal, Humayun Tomb, Konark Temple, Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Khajuraho Temples, etc. are some of the finest examples of the Indian architecture. The architecture of India has evolved with time as the result of various social and geographical changes. It represents the diversity of Indian culture and consists of a fusion of ancient and modern architectural techniques. Different types of Indian architectural styles represent an extensive range of expressions of the particular region and time.
Traditional dance and music are an integral part of Indian culture. The classical dance styles of India such as Kathak, Kathakali, Bharat Natyam, Manipuri, and Odissi are drawn from mythology and literature that illustrates the stories of Hindu Gods. Several types of classical music, folk music, and pop music are played in India using different musical instruments. India’s culture and history are prominently visible in its traditional paintings and sculptures.
India is the perfect example of rich history, varied culture, and customs. There is a lot to discover in its every nook, which attracts visitors from all over the world.