Agriculture is the primary source of food production all over the world. Due to the agriculture, around 7.5 billion people of the world get the food they need. But with the increasing population, the demand for the food is increasing at a rapid rate. With the traditional farming methods, far more land and water resources would be required to cultivate the food we need today than it used to be when the population was hardly 20-30% of what it is today. Therefore, innovative farming techniques are required, which will help farmers to grow more efficient crops in the available areas most suitable for agriculture production. Further, we will discuss some innovative farming methods to produce and distribute food worldwide.
Educate the Farmers
There are still many farmers who use traditional methods to cultivate food crops. The traditional method may work at its pace, but it is not enough to address the regularly growing demand for food. It is necessary to educate the farmers about the new farming practices and how they can help in improving the quality of soil and crops. Agriculture extension programs must be organized to communicate the scientifically researched modern agricultural practices to farmers.
Better-quality Agricultural Inputs
The agriculture production largely depends on the quality and the right usage of farming inputs. In the early years, the climate, soil condition and the seeds used for growing crops was very different. Due to the change in climatic conditions, we now require the seeds that can withstand droughts, floods, heat waves, etc. To deal with the problem of the limited land area and more food requirement, we need to use right agricultural inputs, in the correct amount, at the appropriate time, and in the right location. This phenomenon will help the farmers in producing improved and efficient food crops.
Due to the limited land area in rural areas, food is now being grown in urban areas, wherever space is available. This practice is becoming more prevalent as it fulfills the food needs of highly populated areas and has a positive impact on the environment. People in urban areas are also opting for rooftop farming. It provides the required sunlight to plants, fulfills the water requirement through rainwater, provides extra insulation for the building and beautifies the open space too. Urban farming is a brilliant and innovative idea to address the continuously growing demand for food.
Connecting the Farmers to the Market
Farmers living in remote areas face difficulties accessing the market to buy the seeds and fertilizers required for cultivation. Scientific and technological advancement are needed to connect the farmers directly to the market. It will help them to purchase agricultural inputs, stay updated about the pricing information, access the training for advanced crop cultivation, etc. All these factors will enable the farmers to produce nutritional and efficient harvests.
Introduction of Hydroponics
Hydroponics is the method of growing plants without soil by using mineral nutrient solutions in a water solvent. The plants can be grown by only keeping their roots in the mineral solution and by providing sufficient sunlight. People can easily use this innovative farming technique at home to grow their vegetables and fruits. It allows plants to grow faster than they would in the soil. Hydroponics farming is healthy for the environment and can feed large populations.
Applying these innovative techniques will help farmers produce healthy food crops with limited available resources and fulfill the growing food demand.