There are many reasons why people migrate; for work, for better living standard, for better opportunities, for love or because of catastrophic natural disasters. But as the global warming continues to increase day by day, global climate change will become a major reason for people to migrate. Climate change is already a big reason for marine animals to migrate and if we go by the new study published in the journal Nature Climate Change has started pushing people to move, too.
The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) had warned in 1990 about human migration due to climate change- “the gravest effects of climate change may be those on human migration as millions are displaced by shoreline erosion, coastal flooding and severe drought” (IPCC 1990: 20). The migration leads to conflict in receiving regions. Climate change would result in resources scarcity which pushes people to migrate to other places. There is an important link between the environment and conflict due to migration. Environmental degradation and scarcity of renewable resources because of migration can prove to be major causes of conflict when they coincide with other factors like ethnic polarization, weak political structures and low levels of economic development.
UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres stated that in 2009 that climate change will result in millions of refugees and internally displaced populations. “Not only states, but cultures and identities will be drowned,” Guterres said.
Migration has already started in some parts of the world and around 28 million people migrated due to environmental disasters every year between 2008 and 2013, as per study of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center.
With time the migration conflict will only increase and it will become worse when combined with weak political system and mismanagement. It will put millions of people at risk. And the biggest reason for this is climate change or aptly called global warming. Today it is affecting others, but tomorrow it can reach our lives too. So let’s do our best to save lives!